Foreign nationals who are in the U.S. and fear returning to their home country due to experiencing past persecution or a well-founded fear of future persecution, may apply for asylum in the U.S. A grant of asylum will allow those individuals to lawfully reside and work in the U.S. Asylees (those who have been granted asylum) are eligible to apply for lawful permanent resident status.
Foreign nationals who are victims of certain violent crimes in the U.S., such as assault, rape, domestic violence, etc., who have suffered substantial physical or psychological injury, may apply for U visa. The victim must report the crime to the law enforcement and must fully cooperate in the investigation or the prosecution of the crime.
Foreign nationals who have been abused by a U.S. citizen or lawful permanent resident (LPR) spouse or parent, may be eligible to apply for an immigrant visa petition. The foreign national can self-petition without the involvement of the U.S. citizen or LPR spouse or parent.
Temporary Protected Status (TPS)
Congress enacted TPS to provide temporary relief to those foreign nationals who are in the U.S. and due to conditions in their home country, cannot safely return. The Secretary of the Homeland Security has the discretion to designate a country for TPS based on emergency situations.